The Future of Neocorporatism

  In the mid 1970s it was plausible to argue that neocorporatist practices would spread into larger numbers of countries. Admittedly some authorities such as Lehmbruchl° doubted that neocorporatism could be adopted easily in countries where it did not already exist; neocorporatism was produced by long term influences that could not be short-circuited. However, the […]

Threats to neocorporatism

A second threat to neocorporatism came from class decomposition. Neocorporatism rested on the belief that there was one major divide in society, between employers and employees. Such a division, though–possibly profound, could be compromised. The neocorporatist vision of societies dominated by two interests that could forge agreements with government was threatened in the 1980s by […]

Why are Some Countries more Neocorporatist than Others?

Where is Neocorporatism? To say that neocorporatism is a continuum and that some countries are more and others less neocorporatist requires us to say which are the most-neocorporatist countries. In fact, there is a general consensus that the most-neocorporatist countries are Sweden, Norway, Austria and the Netherlands.5 Denmark follows somewhere close behind. Katzenstein adds Switzerland […]

The Future of Italian Business

  In the 1980s, Italian business moved in the direction of greater distance from politics or government. Several factors contributed to this development. The success of major Italian enterprises such as Fiat and Zanussi made their futures dependent on their ability to compete throughout the European Community and indeed internationally. Increasing competitive pressures strengthened the […]

Role of Business Organizations

  The leading organisation representing private employers in Italy is Confindustria. Although Confindustria recruits only a minority of all Italian businesses (Lapalombara estimated 80 000 out of 680 000 in the 1950s),8 it recruits the overwhelming number of those employing twenty or more people. In his magisterial study of Italian interest groups, Lapalombara identified Confindustria […]

Problems of Private Business in italy

  The final problem that the CD poses for private business is that CD politicians have a symbiotic relationship with nationalised industries. In general, the public sector corporations experienced increasing politicisation from the 1950s until the early 1980s. Managers in IRI, ENI or EFIM were expected to provide more jobs for CD politicians to dispense […]